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    British Gold Britannia Bullion Coins

    The official gold bullion coin of Great Britain is the Britannia Series. These beautiful gold bullion versions of the coin were the first to debut from the Royal Mint with the female personification of Britain. A symbol whose origins stretch back more than 2,000 years in the British Isles, the Britannia design was the perfect choice for the Royal Mint when it opted to launch its new bullion series for modern investing. First issued in 1987, the Gold Britannia is an instant classic that has been struck in every year since that time.

    History of the Gold Britannia Coin

    The introduction of the British Gold Britannia Coin came in 1987 amidst an ever-evolving gold bullion market. The gold Bull Market of the 1970s pushed numerous sovereign mints to counter the prominence of the 1967 release of the South African Gold Krugerrand and take advantage of growing demand for privately-owned gold bullion coins. The Canadian Gold Maple Leaf was the first to hit the market as competition to the Krugerrand, issued for the first time in 1979. The Gold Maple Leaf was followed by the Chinese Gold Panda and American Gold Eagle.

    Britannia’s image vastly predates the modern Gold Britannia coinage though. The history of the term Britannia dates to the dawn of the first millennium AD. As the Roman Empire invaded the British Isles, Britannia was used as a term for the province when it fell under Roman control. Emperor Hadrian would use Britannia for the first time on a coin around the year 119.

    King Charles II of England revived the vision of Britannia on British coinage in 1672. Further use of the Britannia image of British coinage increased following the unification of the crowns of England and Scotland in the early 18th century. The 1987 debut of the Gold Britannia marked a monumental return of Britannia to British coinage in a design that is unlike any you’ll ever find on a British coin.

    Mintage History of the Gold Britannia Coin

    The British Gold Britannia Coin is struck by the Royal Mint at its state-of-the-art Llantrisant facility in South Wales. The Royal Mint strikes the Gold Britannia coins with an unlimited mintage each year, which means the coins are struck to meet the demand of investors or to its ability to secure gold bullion blanks for coining. When the Gold Britannia was issued in 1987 it had 22-karat gold, which is known to many as crown gold. This means the 1 Troy oz coins had .9167 gold purity with copper in the mixture as well.

    Starting in 1990, the Royal Mint shifted the alloy in the metallic mixture from copper to silver. The 22-karat gold standard was used from 1990 to 2012, and in 2013 the Royal Mint upgraded the coins to feature 24-karat .9999 pure gold content. Coins issued prior to 2013 had a weight of 34.05 grams, but the shift to 24-karat pure gold lowered the weight to 31.1035 grams for the 2013 and onward issues.

    All British Gold Britannia Coins have a face value based upon the Pound sterling, Britain’s official fiat currency. The Gold Britannia’s 1 Troy oz coin has a face value of £100 (GBP) marked on the coin’s obverse.

    Design of the British Gold Britannia Coins

    Queen Elizabeth II, via the Privy Council Office, directed the Royal Mint to begin production of the Britannia in 1987. The mint then held a competition to find a new design of Britannia for the official bullion series. A total of 52 designs were issued by 14 designers, and Philip Nathan’s interpretation of Britannia was the winning design.

    Nathan’s design of Britannia reimagined the historic visuals of this icon as a commanding female figure who was powerful, yet feminine, peaceful, and elegant in her stature. Britannia features on the reverse of the British Gold Britannia coins as a maritime symbol of British power. She stands at the edge of a rock on Britain’s southern coast. She has a long, flowing gown on her figure with a powerful Corinthian helmet on her head. Her right hand wields a trident which gives her the power to control the seas. In her left hand, she holds an olive branch and a shield, denoting the nation’s wishes for peace while also showcasing the power to defend itself from invasion. Emblazoned upon that shield is the Union Jack, Britain’s national flag.

    The obverse side of all British Gold Britannia coins features a right-profile portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. Her Majesty is, as of 2015, the longest-reigning monarch in the history of Britain. Crowned Queen of England in 1952 with an official coronation in 1953, Queen Elizabeth II’s effigy has featured in a total of three different versions to date for the Gold Britannia:

    • 1987-1997 coins have Raphael Maklouf’s third-generation portrait. Regarded as the most elegant and formal depiction, this portrait features Queen Elizabeth II with the royal diadem on her head, a crown typically worn by Her Majesty to attend the State Opening of Parliament.
    • 1998-2015 coins have the popular fourth-generation effigy of Queen Elizabeth II from Ian Rank-Broadley. This design continues in use throughout various commonwealth coinage from Australia and Niue to the Solomon Islands and other far-reaching corners of the globe.
    • 2016-2023 coins have the latest, fifth-generation design by Jody Clark. A Royal Mint Engraver, Clark became the youngest in mint history to design the monarch’s portrait as a 33-year-old engraver when it was designed in July 2015. Featuring on 2016 and later coins, this design captures Queen Elizabeth II at the age of 89 in the year of her landmark Sapphire Jubilee. A limited run of 2023 Britannis were issued with Her Majesty’s effigy for one final time before the transition to new King Charles III coins debuted.
    • 2023-present Britannia Coins feature the new effigy of King Charles III. Ascending to the throne in September 2022 following the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, the first effigy of King Charles III was created by Martin Jennings and depicts His Majesty in left-profile without a crown.

    Debut of New Security Features on 2021 Gold Britannias

    In 2021, the Royal Mint of England introduced some stunning new security features to its vaunted Britannia Series. These new security features are prominent in the design of the silver and gold versions of the British Britannia. In total, the Royal Mint added four distinct security features to the coins, all of which feature on the reverse side of the coins. These security features include:

    • Surface animation: Using intricate, small raised surfaces with varying levels of microscopic relief, the Royal Mint has created a background field throughout the reverse that reflects the rolling waves of the ocean’s water as you change the angle of viewing for the coin.
    • Latent feature: Another feature that offers security images that vary based on the angle of viewing is the new latent security mark on the reverse. This circular element changes between a trident and a padlock as you adjust the angle of viewing.
    • Tincture lines: The background of the stripes and fields of the Union Jack shield carried by Britannia. These lines are horizontal across the stripes and vertical in the other background fields behind the stripes on the flag.
    • Micro-text: Finally, the Royal Mint added micro-text along the border between Britannia and the design rim of the reverse. This text is in Latin and reads “Decus et Tutamen.” This translates into English as “An Ornament and a Safeguard.”

    Shop British Gold Britannia Coins

    JM Bullion annually carries the latest British Gold Britannia Coins. Feel free to direct any questions you have about buying coins in this series to our customer service team at 800-276-6508, chat with us live online, or simply send us an email.